Construction services

Garden stairs, part 1

The stairs make it easier to overcome height differences occurring in the field. Building stairs is necessary on roads with a slope exceeding 10 – 12%. The stairs make it possible to overcome such a height difference in a less tiring way, and often much safer. In addition to their utility, the stairs are also of great value as elements of garden architecture. Therefore, the plastic form of the garden stairs should not be accidental, but related to other elements of the environment.
The stairs consist of steps, which in the number of several or a dozen form flights of stairs. Each step has a specific height, often called a riser or footrest, and, specified width (depth), known as a tread or footrest. The races of the steps may be separated by landings. Garden stairs can have different side frames in the shape of walls called cheeks.

stairsElements of the garden stairs: a) step height (riser), b) step width (footrest).

It is known from experience, some stairs are less comfortable, while others allow for more comfortable overcoming the same height difference. For example, in construction, degrees of height are used 14-15 cm and a width not exceeding 35 cm. Moving up these stairs is tiring. Therefore, different standards are adopted for garden steps: the height of the steps should be within 8–12 cm, while their width should not be less than 40 cm and can be even 50 cm. Runs should not be made up of too many steps: 5-7 speed gears are most appropriate. However, races with more than one should not be built, than 12 degrees. Short runs are better not only for utility reasons, but also for plastic reasons; However, it may also be disadvantageous to use gears with too few steps. For example, avoid building single ranks, as one step may go unnoticed and cause you to trip. Therefore, the shortest gears placed on sloping surfaces should be at least 3 degrees.