Construction services

Types of wood used for parquet

The parquet is made of various types of wood. Apart from the hitherto most used oak, only a few types of wood are represented here representatively, each of which has its own charm: buk, ash, pine, aphromosis, Wenge-Panga Panga, sucupira, mecrussa, messanda, muhuku, Kambala, merban, bongosi, Hoh. Many of these types of wood are available on the market in various assortments.
A price- and quality-conscious buyer will therefore benefit from a critical comparison of different commercial brands, as well as price differences between individual traders.
The properties of some of the most important types of parquet wood are described below.

The wood, mostly from Europe, is light yellow in color and has a high degree of hardness compared to other European types of wood (Brinell hardness 3,4 kg/mm2) and good abrasion resistance.
Depending on the abrasion and quality of the wood, its structure ranges from calm to restless. In oak wood, whiteness and daylight are distinctly different.
Due to its durability, oak is an important construction wood and a significant furniture wood. It is traditionally the most frequently used wood for parquet production in Europe.

It is a dark brown wood with a color to mahogany, originating in Malaysia. It is heavier than oak and has a higher degree of hardness (Brinell hardness 4,1 kg/mm2). Its thick and straight-grain structure gives a calm surface to the parquet. The frequent twist of the fibers of this type of wood can, with proper wiping, induce a tabby drawing.

Pine, growing in Europe, North America and large parts of Asia is generally the most used type of utility wood. Relatively light, wood of low to medium hardness (Brinell hardness 1,9 kg/mm2). It is slightly resinous and slightly knotty. Pine of good quality is the preferred furniture wood, lower qualities are used-
construction timber. Pine can hardly stand a comparison as “parquet wood” with other grades of greater hardness. However, it has been used for a long time on floors and here it turned out to be unrivaled. It has been available commercially for some time “immobilized "boards of the finished parquet, in which the running layer is made of pine. The wood used here is hardened and obtains high abrasion resistance through special care.

The ecologist advises
In order to achieve good wood preservation, it is not necessary to use special varnishes with a high solvent content. Additional maintenance can also be performed with hardened oils.

It grows in West Africa. The wood is bright- to medium brown. Its extraordinary hardness (Brinell hardness 6,0 kg/m2) and variable structure (depending on the abrasion) qualify as wood suitable for extreme loads.

A type of wood known for its special durability, it is widespread in all northern parts, moderate zones. Ash wood can exhibit very different properties, depending on the conditions in which it grows: it varies in weight, strength and structure (Brinell hardness kg / mm2). The wood is pale pink after sawing, later, however, the yellowish-white has a more or less vivid structure. Like oak, ash is a traditional parquet wood.


Apart from oak, beech is the most widely used hardwood for parquet flooring in Europe. This wood has sufficient hardness for parquet (Brinell hardness 2,9 kg/mm2) and has a delicate one, straight grain, so a calm structure. Beech wood is perfect for the production of furniture, as well as for elegant floors. Its color scheme varies from yellowish-white to light- and red-brown.

The ecologist advises
As a result of unrestrained logging of tropical trees, the ecological balance of tropical forests is significantly disturbed. As a result, there is an increased extinction of protected plant and animal species. By using local European types of wood, such as oak, ash, beech and pine should contribute to the protection of our environment.